Ford Bronco II Specs and Features

Ford Bronco II Specs and Features

Last Updated August 12, 2020 | Meghan Drummond
Contents

The Bronco II was designed to be a smaller alternative to the Bronco. While Ford’s F-150 acted as the base for the Bronco, the Bronco II used the Ford Ranger pickup for its base. This meant when it launched in 1984, the Bronco II was smaller in every dimension than the Bronco.

The Bronco II only lasted for a single generation that ran from 1984-1990. In those years, it saw substantial changes as well as controversy.

Bronco II Development

Ford Bronco 2

The original Ford Bronco was intended to be a small off-roader, but its competition with the Blazer forced it to stretch out in every direction. The Ford Bronco eventually became a full-size sport utility vehicle. While this increased its popularity, it left Ford without a compact SUV option. In the wake of two fuel crises, it was a glaring omission.

The Bronco II filled that void.

Ford wasn’t the only company scrambling for a compact. AMC and General Motors were in a similar boat. The 1979 fuel crisis prompted the creation of the Jeep Cherokee and S-10 Blazer. When the fuel crisis ended, there was no effect on the popularity of compact SUVs. Between 1983 and 1987, small truck and SUV sales grew from 20% to 33% of all vehicles sold.

Bronco vs Bronco II

Third Gen Bronco

1985 Bronco sales figures may help to shed some light on this sudden popularity. In 1985, Ford sold 106,554 Bronco IIs, in contrast to the 54,562 Broncos sold in the same year. That year the Bronco cost $12,782 while the Bronco II cost $11,501. Accounting for inflation, the price difference between the two was significant. But not enough to warrant a more than 2:1 sales ratio.

People simply preferred the smaller Bronco II to its full-bodied namesake. It had a better approach, departure, and breakover angle. It also weighed close to a thousand pounds less, making it nimbler in actual off-roading scenarios.

Comparison of Bronco and Bronco II angles and dimensions
Ford brochure comparison between the 1986 Bronco and Bronco II

One indicator that the Bronco II was being used for off-roading were the number of manual transmissions sold. 88% of people who purchased the Bronco selected an automatic transmission. Only 60% of Bronco II customers were willing to surrender shifting control.

The Bronco II was the Bronco of choice for a younger crowd interested in off-roading but also looking for a vehicle that could be a daily driver. The Bronco IIs V6 engine and reduced weight meant it was less expensive to fuel up. There were also Bronco II exclusive paint colors designed to appeal to younger drivers.

In terms of trim packages, the Bronco II was nearly identical to the Bronco. The Eddie Bauer trim package is the best remembered and most luxurious trim package.

Bronco and Bronco II Specifications and Dimensions
SpecificationThird Generation Bronco 1980-1986Fourth Generation Bronco 1987-1991Bronco II 1984-1990
Wheelbase104 inches104.7 inches94 inches
Length177.7 inches180.5 inches158.2 inches
Width 77.2 inches 79.1 inches68.0 inches
Height74 inches 74 inches68.2 inches
Approach Angle37.6 degrees30.8 degrees29.3 degrees
Departure Angle22.7 degrees16.2 degrees24.7 degrees
Breakover Angle22.9 degrees18.9 degrees24.1 degrees
Ground Clearance9.6 inches9.1 inches9.3 inches
Curb Weight4,343 pounds 4,430 pounds3,385 pounds

Bronco II Controversy

Unfortunately, there was one area where the Bronco II didn’t excel. It was narrow, but tall. This created an unstable base and high center of gravity. When several Bronco IIs were in highly publicized rollover accidents, both the NTSA and the IIHS investigated. While the NTSA claimed that the Bronco II’s rollover risk was the same as other SUVS, the IIHS came to a different conclusion.

Silver Ford Bronco 2

In the IIHS tests, the Bronco II fared worse than the Suzuki Samurai. The IIHS concluded that the Bronco II was three times more likely to roll over than the famously dangerous Samurai.

The IIHS study led to further investigations, all of which concluded similarly. The Bronco II was more likely to roll over than other SUVs. One out of every 500 Bronco IIs produced ended up in a fatal rollover accident. Though many of these accidents had alcohol or seat belt law compliance failure as a factor, that didn’t change the liability. Ford ended up involved in nearly 334 lawsuits. The vast majority of them were related to wrongful injury or death.

This doesn’t mean that the Bronco II is a death trap though. The rear-wheel drive version of the Bronco II was the more dangerous option. A four-wheel drive Bronco II is still relatively safe. Speed was also a factor in the majority of accidents.

If you prefer travelling off-road at moderate speeds, then a four-wheel-drive Bronco II is a perfectly safe choice. You’re also much more likely to find a Bronco II than a Bronco at a reasonable price.

Bronco II Year to Year Changes

If you’re considering purchasing a Bronco II, knowing production numbers for years can be helpful. If you’re looking for a 2wd version, you’ll have the easiest time finding a 1988.

The 1986 Bronco II is one of the best to search for. Production numbers were high, so you won’t be hindered by scarcity. There were also significant improvements by then.

These production numbers were the ones provided by Ford, but the 1984 Bronco II production numbers were omitted.

Bronco II Production Numbers by Year
Year4WD Bronco II Production2WD Bronco II Production
1985106,554N/A
1986119,564N/A
198796,077 23,958
198896,07723,958
198973,24830,343
199038,90518,595

1984 and 1985 Bronco IIs

The 1984 and 1985 Bronco IIs weren’t very highly thought of. The 2.8L V6 was fine, but lacked the “oomph” people expected from a vehicle named Bronco. The 1985 Bronco II had a slight advantage due to a transmission upgrade.

The 1984 Bronco II debuted with a four-speed manual transmission and three-speed automatic. Just one year later Ford upgraded both of those to a five gear manual transmission and four speed automatic.

The manual upgrade was an obvious advantage. Unfortunately, the new automatic transmission’s overdrive gear was notoriously spotty. If you have a 1985 or are considering one, the automatic transmission can be replaced with a manual or an improved automatic.

Bronco II Transmission Specifications
TransmissionYears AvailableFirst GearSecond GearThird GearFourth GearFifth Gear
Toyo Koygo 4-speed Manual 1984-19853.962.081.391.00N/A
FM145 5 Speed Manual 1985-19903.762.211.511.000.812
C5 Automatic Transmission 1984-19852.461.461.00N/AN/A
A4LD Automatic Transmission 1985-19902.471.471.000.75N/A

1986 Bronco II

1986 was probably the biggest year for the Bronco II in terms of major upgrades. In 1986, Ford introduced a 2.9L updated V6.

Though the bearings, valvetrain, and most major components were identical between the Bronco II’s V6’s, the 2.9L created more power. It had been upgraded to an electronic fuel injection system. It also had improved cylinder heads, and an updated timing chain. The result was that the Bronco II went from 115 to 140 horsepower.

The 1986 Bronco II also could come in a rear-wheel drive model. One strange thing about the Bronco IIs that were 2wd is that they still had a transfer case. The transfer case is simply sealed where the front driveshaft should have entered. Though no one has figured out exactly why this is, some have theorized it was to lower the center of gravity. Given the controversy surrounding the Bronco II, this is possible but would indicate that Ford knew about the issue prior to shipping.

1987 Bronco II

In 1987, Ford introduced another Bronco II engine option. This time it was a four-cylinder turbodiesel. Saying it was despised may be putting it too lightly. It didn’t get much in the way of power, a mere 86 horsepower in comparison to the 140 horsepower the naturally aspirated V6 generated. It also was known for its shoddy reliability.

Bronco II Engine Specifications
EngineYears AvailableHorsepowerTorqueNotes
2.8L V6 1984-1985115 hp @ 4,600 RPM150 lb-ft @ 2,600 RPMN/A
2.9L V6 1986-1990140 hp @ 4,600 RPM160 lb-ft @ 2,600 RPMEFI
2.3L 4-Cylinder 1987-199086 hp @ 4,200 RPM134 @ 2,000 RPMTurbodiesel

1988-1989 Bronco II

During the next two years, there were almost no mechanical changes. The front end styling changed to keep up with that of the Ranger. The smaller front of these years looks sleeker, which might account for the major bump in sales. The Bronco II became a couple of inches longer and a couple of inches wider, but was largely unchanged. The 1988 Bronco II was the best-selling year, with 148,433 sold. It seemed that Ford’s engine improvements and expanded options had paid off.

Pre and post 1989 Bronco II side by side
Before and after the Bronco II’s facelift

1990 Bronco II

The final year of the Bronco II is without a doubt the best one to purchase used. In late 1989, four-wheel-drive Bronco IIs saw an improved front axle. They also received improved cylinder heads to help with an issue some earlier models had with cracking if they became overheated.

The Bronco II’s swan song year produced the best of the bunch. A four-wheel drive 1990 Bronco II is a solid find. Whether or not it’ll ever be collectible is uncertain, but it’s certainly a worthwhile off-roader.

The First Bronco Sport

It makes sense for the Bronco to have a compact companion. Much like the Wrangler comes in two-door and four-door options, compact and full-size off-roaders accommodate a wide range of people who love off-roading. The Bronco II was the original baby Bronco and helped to expand the Bronco’s appeal.

Though the Bronco II may be best remembered for its reputation as a rollover risk, few remember that issue primarily affected the rear-wheel drive models. As time marches on, the Bronco II becomes more of a collectible every day.

2020 Bronco Newsletter

Image Credit: Ford

Ford Bronco II Specs and Features

The Ford Bronco II was in production for a mere six years, from 1984 to 1990. During that time, it consistently outsold the Ford Bronco. These are the specifications and features that helped to distinguish the Bronco II from the larger version.