What Is the Mustang SVO?

What Is the Mustang SVO?

Last Updated November 5, 2020 | Meghan Drummond
Contents

The Mustang SVO was a performance-oriented Fox Body Mustang produced from 1984-1986. Despite its relatively short life, 9,835 SVO Mustangs were sold. The popularity of this limited edition can be attributed to both its sporty style and its performance.

Unlike most performance editions, the SVO featured a four-cylinder engine rather than a V8. Despite having fewer cylinders, this Mustang was plenty fast.

What Does SVO Stand For?

Before the Special Vehicle Team was formed, Ford had the Special Vehicle Operations (SVO) department. Operating from 1981-1992, the SVO department was short-lived. In that time, they only produced one production car: The Ford Mustang SVO.

The SVO department also oversaw Ford’s motorsports programs. They built Mustangs to compete in the Sports Car Club of America (SCCA) and the International Motor Sports Association (IMSA). These Mustangs did exceptionally well, winning 17 of 34 contests.

Rearview of a bright red SVO Mustang with a black spoiler>

What Made the SVO Mustang Different?

Boss Mustangs, Shelby Mustangs, and Cobra Mustangs had previously occupied the position of “performance-edition Mustang.” They featured powerful V8 engines, with displacements to match.

The SVO Mustang instead featured a turbocharged four-cylinder engine. With a modest displacement of 2.3L, the SVO matched the 5.0L V8 for horsepower. Other performance modifications made the SVO feel sportier. The end result was a Mustang that was light, well-balanced, and relatively fuel-efficient.

Diagram showing some of the performance equipment in an SVO Mustang

This wasn’t Ford’s first time attempting to promote the 2.3L turbocharged four-cylinder as a performance option. In 1980, Ford partnered with McLaren Performance to create the McLaren Mustang.

Like the eventual SVO, the McLaren Mustang featured a turbocharged four-cylinder and a variety of sporty upgrades. Unfortunately, when Ford created the SVO department, they ended their relationship with McLaren. As a result, only 10 McLaren Mustangs were ever created.

The SVO Mustang offers a lot of the same performance features as the McLarens. They’re also easier to find used, since significantly more were produced.

SVO Mustang Engine

The secret to the SVO’s success was a four-cylinder turbocharged engine. This engine was advanced in many ways. Not only did it feature electronic fuel injection (EFI), but it also used an intercooler to improve performance.

With less than half the displacement of the 5.0L GT Mustang, the SVO was able to create equal horsepower. The SVO ended up feeling much faster though. The engine was installed right behind the front axle, creating a well-balanced and light Mustang. As a result, the SVO had a better 0-60 MPH time than the GT. While the GT could make it to 60 in just under nine seconds, the SVO could do it in 7.7 seconds.

Gray SVO Mustang with its hood raised

In 1984, a turbocharged four-cylinder GT was also available, but it fell flat. It lacked the added power of the SVO’s turbocharged engine, and had noted issues with turbo lag.

Peak performance was achieved with the 1985.5 year model. By adjusting the turbo’s spool time and increasing pressure in the EFI system, the SVO reached 205 hp. Horsepower was lower in 1986, though Ford blamed “fuel quality” rather than any equipment changes.

SVO Mustang Specs
YearHorsepowerTorqueFuel EconomyProduction
1984 175 hp @ 4,400 RPM 210 lb-ft @ 3,000 RPM 19 mpg-City
26 mpg-Highway
22 mpg-Combined
4,507
1985 175 hp @ 4,400 RPM 210 lb-ft @ 3,000 RPM 21 mpg-City
26 mpg-Highway
23 mpg-Combined
1,515
1985.5 205 hp @ 5,000 RPM 248 lb-ft @ 3,200 RPM 21 mpg-City
26 mpg-Highway
23 mpg-Combined
436
1986 200 hp @ 5,000 RPM 240 lb-ft @ 3,200 RPM 21 mpg-City
26 mpg-Highway
23 mpg-Combined
3,379

SVO Mustang Performance Equipment

The engine may have been the most interesting part of the SVO Mustang, but there were many other equipment improvements in place. Along with the engine, this equipment accounts for the noteworthy performance of the SVO.

1984 SVO Mustang Equipment

  • T-5 transmission
  • Hurst shifter
  • Functional hood scoop
  • Biplane rear spoiler
  • Unique taillights
  • Large front and rear anti-roll bars
  • Front and rear disc brakes
  • Koni adjustable shocks and struts
  • 16” wheels

1985 SVO Mustang Equipment

Included 1984 equipment plus:

  • Rear axle ratio changed from 3.73 to 3.45
  • Steering ratio changed from 15:1 to 20:1
  • Reduced spool time on turbocharger
  • Increased EFI pressure
  • Dual exhaust with in-line cat
  • Upgraded clutch
  • Changed to “World-Class” T-5 transmission

1986 SVO Mustang Equipment

Included 1984 & 1985 equipment plus:

  • New “Aero” headlights

In addition to these performance features, SVO Mustangs also had unique interior items. These included a leather-wrapped steering wheel with an SVO logo, unique seats, and a left footrest. They also used the brake pedal from an automatic transmission to help facilitate heel toe shifting.

Light gray SVO Mustang sideview

The SVO also has the noted distinction of being the first Fox Body Mustang with a 5-lug setup from the factory. This was done to accommodate the disc brakes, a popular mod for Fox Body Mustangs today.

SVO Mustang Legacy

The SVO Mustang was without a doubt the most powerful Mustang you could buy in the mid-80s. It even holds its own against modern Mustangs. Unfortunately, due to limited production and its short run, finding a used SVO Mustang today can be a challenge.

The SVO Mustang proved that turbocharged four-cylinders could be fun to drive and powerful enough for the Mustang name. The modern EcoBoost also demonstrates this principle.

Image Credit: Creative Commons 3.0

What Is the Mustang SVO?

The SVO Mustang would be the only production car produced by the SVO team. In addition to establishing the turbocharged four-cylinder as a worthy engine selection for the Mustang, it also incorporated some interesting performance upgrades. Sadly, this Mustang was only produced from 1984-1986.